In this animal hoarding course unit, you will learn about the subject of animal hoarding and the types of animal hoarders. Gain an understanding of the relevance of language in reporting and combating animal hoarding. Learn how to create public awareness and education about animal hoarding for animal care professionals, in order to facilitate early intervention. Learn about current and recent hoarding reports.
In this animal hoarding course unit, you will learn how to work with hoarders. This module explores how to help hoarders to attain a manageable and healthy number of animals. Learn about the agencies and organisations involved in hoarding prevention and how they manage hoarding recurrence. Learn about the relationship between intervention strategies and hoarders. Evaluate reasons for the high recurrence of animal hoarding.
Animal hoarding is a complex and usually misunderstood phenomenon in which individuals collect more animals than they have the mental or physical capacity to care for. This affects dogs, cats and smaller animals such as rabbits, chinchillas, guinea pigs and a variety of birds, however larger animals have been known to be involved in hoarding cases including sheep and horses and even cattle. Animal hoarding may be used as a ‘sentinel’ to indicate that children, elders, and dependent adults may be at serious risk of suffering. Whilst prosecution is important and valid in animal hoarding cases, in order to break the cycle it is vital to understand the underlying psychological illness, and treat it appropriately, as a problem which affects both human and animal welfare. Animal hoarding is responsible for substantial animal suffering and property damage, but it is also representative of, or strongly associated with adult self-neglect and serious psychological welfare needs.
The Hoarding of Animals Research Consortium (HARC) which was set up in 1997 to better characterise the psychological and sociological underpinnings of animal hoarding; quantify the frequency and outcomes for animals, people, and communities; increase awareness; and develop improved strategies for intervention. In this animal hoarding course, you will learn that there are different types of animals hoarding, but all cases usually involved poor welfare and general neglect. HARC suggest that animal hoarding is defined by four characteristics:
• Failure to provide minimal standards of sanitation, space, nutrition, and veterinary care for the animals;
• Inability to recognise the effects of this failure on the welfare of the animals, human members of the household, and the environment;
• Obsessive attempts to accumulate or maintain a collection of animals in the face of progressively deteriorating conditions, and
• Denial or minimisation of problems and living conditions for people and animals.
Thousands of cases of animal hoarding are reported every year, in the US there are between 700 and 2000 new cases every year. As with many animal welfare issues, we can only combat hoarding with a multi-disciplinary and a multi-stakeholder approach. However, because the implications of animal hoarding for human health and welfare are not widely appreciated or recognised, these cases are unfortunately frequently left to animal shelters and humane societies to resolve through prosecution for cruelty to animals, rather than diagnosing for mental health.
Ignoring the multi-faceted nature of animal hoarding, this approach often fails, which results in a very high rate of re-offending, and due to the psychologically compulsive nature of animal hoarding, bans on keeping animals and limits to the number of animals are rarely effective at preventing the re-occurrence of hoarding. As with any form of intervention and management programmes, there are many techniques that need to be used in combination for successful intervention to occur in the long-term.
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